GitHub is an online hosting service for mostly computer code with version control. Think about Github as a cloud-based development service for code and other similar types of files. Github boasts over 30 million users who are all sharing, developing and working together to build tomorrow’s software.
It hosts source code projects in different programming languages and keeps tracks of every iteration and every change. Also, everyone on your team can work together on the same projects from anywhere in the world.
GitHub is most helpful for projects withmultiple collaborators. It also means that software and app development teamscan use a centralized repository where users can upload, manage code and makesynchronistic edits.
When using other cloud-based systems such asDropbox, changes can override each other. The first one to save their worktakes precedence over another team member who might be trying to make changesat the same time.
Despite the fact that GitHub is mainly used byengineers and programmers, it can just as easily be employed by those with lesstechnical experience as a way of sharing and collaborating on any file type.
For example, team members who find they need to make changes to Word documents often can benefit from the version control capabilities.
1. Tracking Your Coding Projects
The bedrock of GitHub’s platform is the capability it has to trace projects by employing the distributed version control system Git (a program that tracks developments and alterations made to files.)
Team members can view a complete overview ofany given project. A progress bar will show active tasks, a list of to-dos, andwhat has been completed.
GitHub also allows users to track projectboards from other organizations by entering the URL of a project into the notefield. If you want to, you can turn the tracking off for any given project.
2. Using Keyboard Shortcuts
Most of us are familiar with the use ofkeyboard shortcuts as a means of performing multiple or repetitive tasks morequickly.
Almost every page on GitHub includes a list ofshortcuts that can be used on that specific page. You can access the shortcutby typing “?” into a dialogue box.
3. Explore Other Projects
Most developer teams use GitHub to host andmanage their own projects. However, it also helps to see how others are usingthe platform and to browse their projects. You might get some new insights,ideas and inspiration to use for your own projects.
Find out what is trending in the GitHubcommunity, connect with other members, and search by labels or topics for moreinsights.
For a platform that is primarily about coding, Github is incredibly “people-friendly” and shines as a user and community-centric environment. Their emphasis on user-focused development is embedded in the culture of Github itself which holds a top twenty position among the world’s most employee-friendly workplaces.
4. More Than Just Coding
Many assume that GitHub is only useful fordevelopers. However, it is also a resource for many other niches. Two of themain collaborative features of GitHub that are helpful to anyone are branchingand forking.
Forking allows users to create a copy or cloneof someone else’s work if they have access to it. The primary hyperlink to thesource can be preserved while the developer tests the content, performs editsand revisions.
With the branching tool, users can create atemporary copy of a resource. This prevents different users working on the samecontent simultaneously from applying incompatible changes to the project.
Branching and forking are valuable tools for users working on synergetic projects. Below are several ways teams of any type, not just coders, can benefit:
- Travel logs
- Legal documents
- Musical compositions
- Data visualization for journalists
- Blogging and content marketing
- Recipe sharing
5. Create a Repository
A repository is a fancy way to describe thespace where your project lives. Your options of where to store your data are:
- Any online host
- A folder on your computer
- GitHub storage space
You can store any type of file in yourrepository including images, text, and code files. Getting underway with yourfirst repository is not difficult. First, you will need to create your ownGitHub account.
The next action is to click on the plus+ signfound in the top right-hand corner while logged in. Select “new repository”.
You will then see a screen that looks likethis:
Take note that repositories are public bydefault. If you would rather that access was restricted and you don’t wanteveryone to view your progress, you can select only those you want to see yourcontent. If you prefer to maintain some privacy, you will have to upgrade to apaid service..
6. Use READMEs Effectively
The purpose of a README file is to get usersinterested in your project. You can add your file while you begin to build adedicated repository.
Those who use the WordPress platform arefamiliar with README files. Prior to installing plugins, your work team canread this file to get a clearer idea of what the plugin is likely to do and howbest to use it.
Don’t make your file long and boring as itwill more than likely turn users away rather than have them stay around to readmore. Some suggested best practices for README files include:
- Descriptive titles
- Header images
- External links to additionaldocumentation
- Short feature lists
- Clear and concise summaries
7. Follow Others
Interact with others on GitHub by followingtheir profile. You will be able to monitor what others are working on fromwithin the public repositories and will also receive notifications about theiractivity on your own personal dashboard on Github.
You will find a plethora of great ideas foryour own development projects, you can collaborate with team members in yourniche or work team and share your knowledge and expertise.
To follow someone in GitHub, you can search bytopic or niche, navigate to their profile page, and click “follow.”
8. Join the Conversation
One of the many benefits of open sourceplatforms is the ability to collaborate, learn, share, and communicate withothers.
There is no cost to use Github and explore itspotential. The purpose of open source is to help make solutions better usingcontributions from the masses.
Learn or improve your skills or help otherslearn from your experience and expertise.
By meeting up with a community on GitHub, youwill be able to follow the development of projects that interest you, makeduplicates of those projects and experiment in your own private repository.
To find a community you are interested injoining, use the “explore” function to search for collections related to yourfield of interest.
9. Showcase Your Best Work
If you are an active social media user, youunderstand the power of pinned posts. For example, if you pin a new post toyour Twitter profile, it will stay at the top of your feed and be viewable byanyone viewing that profile.
Facebook pages have the same feature. Bypinning posts to your social media profiles, you are making sure that yourvisitors will see your favorite post first rather than having to search throughyour entire feed.
GitHub also allows you to pin your favorite ormost relevant repositories to your profile page. Users with a free account canpin up to six repositories that will remain on the top of their profile.
10. Know Who to Blame
Yes, there is a button in GitHub called“blame”. It might not be a kind word, but it’s a useful feature. If you want tosee who made a specific change in a file, play the blame game .
From the blame view of a file, you will beable to see the entire revision history line-by-line. Or you can examine thechanges made or a version history of any line.
If something is broken or not workingcorrectly, this function can help to identify which team members need to worktogether towards a solution.
If you are looking for a centralized,cloud-based platform where you can collaborate, share, store, test, and publishprojects, GitHub is a powerful solution.